PCOS refers to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Women with PCOS tend to have ovaries that produce mildly increased amounts of something called androgens. In women, even lightly elevated levels of androgens can cause the ovaries to stop producing mature follicles, the small cystic incubators for developing eggs. Each month, follicles try to grow in a normal fashion, but become arrested in their growth if exposed to inappropriate amounts of androgens. Over longer periods of time, the underdeveloped follicles build up in the ovary, leading to a polycystic appearance.
PCOS treatment is often aimed at addressing or compensating for the ovulatory and hormonal abnormalities that are seen. One of the most common ways to help with pcos is to use Clomid or injectible gonadotropins to stimulate ovulation. There are other treatments as well, but Clomid has historically been the most common.
Just as women’s bodies are so different from one another, their reactions to Clomid vary tremendously. Some women have virtually no side effects. Others do, but they are more frequently related to emotions. Side effects may include mood swings, hot flashes, breast tenderness, and thinning of the uterine lining. About 10 percent of those who use clomid will have a multiple pregnancy (twins). Clomid can cause hostile fertile mucous and thins the uterine lining in over 30 percent of the women who use it. The hostile mucus kills sperm, and the thin uterine can prevent implantation or cause an early miscarriage.